PhD Course  Program of the course "Archaeology and Technology: Theories of Creative Design for Innovation"

(Dr. Cristina Ridi)


Seminar 1 - Adopting an approach: formal and conceptual communication between Archaeology and Computer Science towards a new accessibility to Cultural Heritage

The seminar will point out the roots of such communication. The more then twenty-year experience carried out by the archaeologists of the Etruscology Group in Tarquinia (Latium, Italy), produced a fruitful outcome in terms of knowledge, thus the need to take advantage and transmit that heritage in a better and handy way was strongly felt: the Computer Scientists met this need. Thus, the very practical motivation of this cooperation, such as the need to manage a bulk of data, stemming from archaeological diggings, became the starting point of a process, which, through a definition of a shared field of communication between Archaeologists and Computer Scientists, leaded to the development of some new common projects towards an achievement, enrichment and dissemination of Knowledge.


Seminar 2 - From the meeting of archaeological and digital services cultures, towards the drawing up of new media for knowledge creation and integration and tools for media use: the case of the T.Arch.N.A. Project

The Seminar will be focused on the first steps of the Project T.ARC.H.N.A. (Towards Archaeological Heritage New Accessibility), aiming at the creation of a model of Virtual Museum and partially granted by the European Union. The Project targets at a new accessibility to the Archaeological Heritage of the Etruscan city of Tarquinia, through the use of modern technology combined with a deep knowledge of History and Archaeology. As to the archaeological point of view, the dispersion of the findings all over Europe compelled to find out some tools, which virtually allow the gathering of such complex Heritage and the reconstruction of the original “contexts” of findings/monuments as well. Moreover, a new approach to Cultural Heritage has been defined, providing the large public to access such historical reconstruction with some new media. The cooperation between Computer Science experts and Archaeologists in order to satisfy such requirements will be stressed, starting from the definition of an Etruscan Heritage Ontology, based on the CIDOC –CRM, up to the creation of a database.


Seminar 3 - The Structure of the T.Arc.H.N.A. System: from single data to the complex reconstruction of the Past

The Seminar will be focused on the process of building up of the Tarchna Platform as a medium to create and disseminate knowledge. As to the first item, an outstanding part is represented by the concept of “narration” as a new tool, allowing the linking among findings, monuments and “contexts”. Particular attention will be devoted to the tool (Narration Builder) created by Computer Scientists in order to enable the Archaeologists to manage the Tarchna Ontology, writing down narrations and connecting them to findings/monuments through some key-words. As to the other aim of the Project, such as the valorisation and dissemination of Cultural Heritage, the process of creating a virtual tour of some European Museums will be focused, allowing the large public a personalized access to the Etruscan Heritage of Tarquinia, through active area (hotspots) linked to narrations, objects and monuments.


Seminar 4 - The T.Arc.H.N.A. Platform nowadays: T.Arc.H.N.A. on-line. How the new approach toward the Cultural Heritage could be improved in the future. Which scenarios?

The Seminar will briefly describe the final steps of the Project after the conclusion of the European Programme. It will mainly focus on the creation of a web version of the Platform. The possible scenarios arising from such achievements will be pointed out.

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